Harald Bathelt

Sidney Smith Hall, Room 5022


Fields of Study

Areas of Interest

Relational economic geography, industrial clustering, innovation and knowledge creation over distance, socio-economic impacts of industrial and institutional change, regional governance and political economy, interregional and interurban inequality. 


Harald Bathelt is Professor in the Department of Geography & Planning, University of Toronto and Zijiang Visiting Chair at the Institute of Urban Development, East China Normal University in Shanghai. As an economic geographer, his research interests are in the areas of industrial clustering, knowledge generation and innovation over distance, and the socio-economic impacts of regional industrial and institutional change. He has published numerous books and many conceptual and empirical articles in leading academic journals and is Editor of ZFW - Advances in Economic Geography (formerly Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie). Harald welcomes students that are interested to work in areas related to economic geography, such as the following: I. Interregional Inequality and Regional Development: Quickly increasing inequality causes concern and drives populism. Harald's research projects hypothesize that regional development depends on the ability to mobilize resources and networks across different spatial scales. II. Knowledge Generation over Distance: This research is based on the assumption that the competitiveness of regional firms depends on their ability to create knowledge both within and beyond their regional environment. III. Cluster Evolution and Institutional Change: Related research investigates (i) processes of how clusters emerge, (ii) the consequences of institutional change for cluster dynamics, and (iii) the impact of cross-cluster networks.


Bathelt, H. and M. Buchholz. 2019. Outward Foreign-Direct Investments as a Catalyst of Urban-Regional Income Development? Evidence from the United States. Economic Geography 95: 442-466.

Bathelt, H., J. A. Cantwell and R. Mudambi. 2018. Overcoming Frictions in Trans-National Knowledge Flows: Challenges of Connecting, Sense-Making and Integrating. Journal of Economic Geography 18: 1001-1022.

Bathelt, H., P. Cohendet, S. Henn and L. Simon. Eds. 2017. The Elgar Companion to Innovation and Knowledge Creation. Cheltenham, Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.

Bathelt, H. and J. Glückler. 2011. The Relational Economy: Geographies of Knowing and Learning. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bathelt, H. and J. Glückler. 2014. Institutional Change in Economic Geography. Progress in Human Geography 38: 340-363.

Bathelt, H., F. Golfetto and D. Rinallo. 2014. Trade Shows in the Globalizing Knowledge Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bathelt, H. and P. Li. 2014. Global Cluster Networks – Foreign Direct Investment Flows From Canada to China. Journal of Economic Geography 14: 45-71.

Bathelt, H., A. Malmberg and P. Maskell. 2004. Clusters and Knowledge: Local Buzz, Global Pipelines and the Process of Knowledge Creation. Progress in Human Geography 28: 31-56.

Li, P. and Bathelt, H. (2021): Spatial Knowledge Strategies: An Analysis of International Investments Using Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA). Economic Geography 97: 366-389.

Maskell, P., H. Bathelt and A. Malmberg. 2006. Building Global Knowledge Pipelines: The Role of Temporary Clusters. European Planning Studies 14: 997-1013.


Habilitation, University of Giessen, Germany PhD (Dr. rer. nat.), University of Giessen, Germany

Administrative Service

Department of Political Science, Comparative Politics Area Group Convenor (2015-2019)